Horse Racing Terminology: An Abridged Dictionary

While horse racing is not rocket science, like many sports you will find expressions and phrases which are unique to it. So as to be an effective bettor you definitely don’t need to know every word, but there are a few that will be beneficial to know before placing a wager.
How do you know when a race will begin? In what increment do they describe the space between horses during a race? What do we know about the horse’s activities on non-race days?
Let us go that you hear around the track.
Post Times
This is the time a race starts. If the very first pitch of a baseball match is slated for 7 pm, then the game can begin anywhere from 7:00 pm to 7:05 pm or 7:10 pm. Post time works in the same way by providing an approximate starting time to the race. Occasionally there is a minor delay, an equipment issue, or even a horse which is being stubborn prior to loading to the starting gate.
While horse races will not begin before their scheduled post time, they are sometimes postponed a moment or 2. The term”article” refers to the starting gate, therefore post time is when all the horses have arrived at the gate to begin their race. Though not perfectly prompt every moment, generally races start very near the scheduled post time.
Race Distances
In most parts of the world, the metric system (kilo, meter, grams) can be used for measurements. In the United States, the imperial system (feet, inches, pounds) is favored.
At U.S. tracks, some strange imperial provisions are used. This leads to vocabulary specific to horse racing tracks and sportsbooks.
Horse racing commonly employs the expression furlong, meaning one-eighth of a mile. Races are run at four furlongs (0.5 miles), five furlongs (0.625 kilometers ), six furlongs (0.75 miles), and seven furlongs (0.875 kilometers ). The most often run sprint races take place over six furlongs.
The most common types of longer horse races are run at one mile or even a mile-and-a-quarter. One and a one-quarter mile is the distance of the Kentucky Derby and Breeders’ Cup Classic one of other marquee events. However, shorter races have been conducted at fractions of a mile.
Frequently during the conducting of a horse race, the announcer will indicate how much space stays in the race by stating something such as,”one furlong to run.” Exactly what the announcer means is that there is one-eighth of a mile left before the chief hits the finish line.
In order to indicate the distance that separates horses frequently the expression length is used. Length is the size of one horse. If a horse is running at the tail, the back of another horse, he’s one length behind. When Secretariat won the 1973 Belmont Stakes by a record margin, then he won by 31 horse lengths.
If horses are nearer together than even half-a-length, the expression neck is often utilized. A horse which is”just a neck behind” is set the span of a horse’s neck back of this horse in front of him/her.
The nearest two horses can get to each other before they are tied is 1 head apart. When a horse is just a”mind” behind, he is as close to overtaking the horse in front of him as possible; he’s a”bob” or”stride” away from overtaking or tying the horse ahead of him.
Horse Racing Betting Principles While gambling on horse racing may appear complicated due to foreign language, or the very long list of types of bets that can be found, wagering can be quite straightforward. We go over horse racing betting types and fundamentals extensively as a part of our how to wager string, but here is a fast refresher on the fundamentals.
Straight Bets
The backbone of horse racing is gambling to win. A win bet is a straight bet and does not require multiple things to happen in a race or series of races so for one to win cash. There are 3 types of right wagers. Most monitors have a minimum of $2 on straight bets.
Opt for the horse that crosses the finish line first and you’re a winner. Here is the most common and simplest wager at the track.
If you are more risk averse or unsure about a certain horse, gambling to put means you win your bet if the horse finishes first or second in a hurry. Since the horse could finish in either spot, the payouts will be less than a win bet.
If someone says that a horse”placed,” that means the horse finished second.
Show Betting to reveal isn’t particularly rewarding, but is the most secure way to have fun, not lose a lot. Should you pick a horse to demonstrate it all should do to get back a small profit is complete first, second, or at a race. Prove bets often return $3 complete or less on a $1 wager.
The expression a horse”revealed” suggests that the horse finished third in a race.
Exotic Bets
When there are numerous types of exotic stakes, they all come down to one of two concepts: flat wagers or vertical wagers.
Vertical wagers are if you are gambling the order of finish in a given race. Horizontal wagers are when you attempt to spot winners of successive races.
Vertical Betting
The”vertical” in vertical stakes indicates that you are likely to be more structuring your bet from the top down. In horse racing, which suggests that you are going to be gambling on the order of finish in a hurry.
An exacta is a vertical wager at which you must select who will win the race and that will finish second in the correct order.
A trifecta challenges you to pick the exact sequence of the top 3 finishers in one race.
The superfecta requires one to select the winner, runner up, show horse, and fourth place finisher in the proper sequence in order to cash your ticket.
Horizontal Betting
The term flat denotes something right across, and in horse racing that usually means you’ll need to pick the winner of several horse races. In nature, horizontal wagers imply you’re developing a bet in which you have to select winners across races.
In Daily Doubles, Pick 3, Pick 4’s, Pick 5, and Pick 6 you must identify the winner of numerous races in a row.
As you would expect, the Daily Double demands you to select the winner in two consecutive races, the Select 3 is three races in a row, up to the almighty Pick 6 which is basically a six-race parlay where you have to pick the winner at each one of the six consecutive races.
Racing Classifications
In its heart, horse racing is aggressive, but equally competitive. Possessing the best horses beating younger or just slower horses could prove unfair.
Obviously, there are myriad race kinds, which means you are going to have to know the vocabulary used to explain them before you start betting.
A horse that has never won a race is called a maiden. After a horse breaks their maiden, winning a race that is very likely against other horses who have never won, they are no more a maiden and cannot compete in races made only for winless horses.
A claiming race means every horse at case is available to be bought before it begins. There may be maiden claimers (winless horses) up available too.
There are also optional claiming races at which each owner decides whether or not he wants his horse up for sale that day.
A horse which runs in allowance races are not suitable for sale and nearly always have won a minumum of one race.
Allowance races can have limitations, such as just being open to horses or female horses.
Stakes Races
The highest high quality allowance races are labeled bets. This implies there’s an important handbag available which obviously attracts the best horses.
Horse racing has various levels of competition. Maiden races are for horses who have never won a race, asserting races are horses competing for a purse who are for sale the day they race, and stakes races are for horses who are not available and competing to get a substantial cost.
Of course, with bigger purses come faster horses. As such, you know that if a horse wins a stakes race they’re a pretty high-quality runner.
There are a variety of sorts of stakes races.
The best of the best streak in graded stakes races, together with all the top events like the Kentucky Derby or Breeders’ Cup Classic being marketed as Grade 1 draws. Just under a Grade 1 race is a Grade 2, and Grade 3 contests are simply below Grade 2 competitions. Nearly all graded stakes races are in the top monitors and involve the fastest horses at a given track.
Grade 1 Stakes Races
Grade 1 races are the best of the best featuring the very best horses and they have the biggest purses, often in excess of $1 million. All the most famous races, such as the Kentucky Derby or Breeders’ Cup, are Grade 1. A horse who wins a Grade 1 race is like a player who has won an MVP. It’s a distinction and accomplishment not to be understated.
Grade 2 Stakes Races
Grade 2 races are only below Grade 1. They seldom have stakes of over $1 million, but almost always are worth at least $100,000. Frequently on big race days, the undercard races have been Grade 2. On Kentucky Derby Weekend that the Alysheba Stakes, Eight Belles Stakes, Turf Sprint, American Turf, and Distaff Turf Mile are all Grade 2 events.
Grace 3 Stakes Races
Grade 3 occasions are high quality, and do not occur daily, but are below Grade 1 and 2’s.
These events could be the Primary attraction in a smaller track on a large day, like the San Francisco Mile at Golden Gate Fields, or the Longacres Mile in Emerald Downs. Grade 3’s is also secondary races during large race times, such as the Brooklyn Invitational and Jaipur Invitational on Belmont Stakes Day at New York.
Listed Stake
After rated races are listed bets, which are notable as they are not of the caliber of a graded event, but they’re over a regular stakes race. A normal stakes race is the daily feature race, greatest race in a good race track on a lot of days, or a notable occasion on a large weekend at a smaller place.
Steeplechase Races
Though they are rarely seen, steeplechase races are events that have hurdles the horses need to jump over a few times during the course of the event.
They are nearly always run on grass and frequently over great distances, sometimes two or three miles. Jumpers do not operate in flat races, and rarely do thoroughbreds shift out of a race without hurdles to a person with them.
Get Educated
These are a few of the things that make horse racing exceptional. Terminology and language originally may be intimidating, but after you learn them they eventually become second nature.
To learn more about horse racing betting or sports betting generally, check out our betting 101 section in addition to our how-to guides. Keep in mind, the more you understand, the better your chance at winning.

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